Supercomputers will accelerate medical advancements and will lead to an increased life expectancy of over 10 years, scientists at the Irish Centre for High-End Computing (ICHEC), Ireland’s leading supercomputing organisation.

The difference between a standard computer and a supercomputer is that the former operates on million instructions per second (MIPS) while a supercomputer runs on floating-point operations per second (FLOPS).

In layman’s terms, supercomputers have a much faster processor and can run more complex tasks – for example they are currently being used for nuclear research.

The supercomputers are capable of doing a lot more research and Prof Jean-Christophe Desplat, director of ICHEC says that it will lead to a prolonged lifespan for humans.

He says that the machines in the near future will use “deep artificial intelligence learning” in a number of fields such as medicine, according to the Irish Times.

The introduction of the machines to the medical industry will allow for personalised medicine and care that is catered to the individual.

Additionally, the supercomputers equipped with artificial intelligence will be able to diagnose ailments quicker and with better accuracy.

Also on the horizon are quantum computers which make supercomputers look like standard machines.

While a standard computer uses “bits” to process problems and information, quantum computers use “qubits” which can store and process multiple bits of information at the same time.

Experts believe they will be beneficial to the scientific community in many aspects, but predominantly in artificial intelligence, where new forms will be able to be created due to quantum computing’s abilities in deciphering problems.

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