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Republicans want to do a bit of house cleaning in government this year by trashing a number of federal agencies, but success is far from assured and may come in the form of more limited restrictions.

So far in the 115th session of Congress, which began Jan. 3, Republican lawmakers in the House and the Senate have offered bills to do away with at least three agencies: the Education Department, Environmental Protection Agency and the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau.

The highest profile lawmaker to introduce department-killing legislation is Texas Sen. Ted Cruz, who last week unveiled the “Repeal CFPB Act,” which would get rid of the independent agency that he said, “grew in power and magnitude without any accountability to Congress and the people.” CFPB was created by Title X of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform Act, signed by President Barack Obama in 2010 in response to the 2008 financial crisis.

“Don’t let the name fool you, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau does little to protect consumers,” Cruz said in a statement. Rep. John Ratcliffe, R-Texas, introduced the House version of the bill.

Though Republicans now control Congress and the White House, the legislation would be unlikely to make it past a Democratic filibuster, wrote House Financial Services Committee Chairman Jeb Hensarling, R-Texas, in a recent Wall Street Journal op-ed. However, there are still ways the GOP can reign in the agency.

Hensarling reportedly plans on introducing a bill that would place limits on the CFPB, paring back its ability to regulate the private sector and making it less independent. Sen. Mike Rounds, R-S.D., introduced legislation that would “roll back” the agency’s power by denying it funding through the Federal Reserve.

Meanwhile, President Trump has set his sights on the legislation that created CFPB. He signed an executive order earlier this month, which seeks to roll back some of Obama’s financial regulations. Though the order doesn’t mention Dodd-Frank by name, Trump did say, “We expect to be cutting a lot of Dodd-Frank.”

Two other bills introduced this month seek to “terminate” the Education Department and the EPA by the end of 2018.

A bill offered on Feb. 7 by Rep. Thomas Massie, R-Ky., would dismantle the Education Department. It already has seven co-sponsors, including House Oversight and Government Reform Chairman Jason Chaffetz, R-Utah.

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Neither Congress nor the president “has the constitutional authority to dictate how and what our children must learn,” Massie said in a statement. He believes states and local communities are best suited to shaping school curricula “that meet the needs of their students” — not “unelected bureaucrats in Washington, D.C.”

However, Elizabeth Mann, a fellow in governance studies at the Brookings Institution’s Brown Center on Education Policy, doesn’t think there’s much of a chance for the bill making it past the Senate.

“I have a really hard time seeing Democrats getting on board,” she told the Washington Examiner, pointing to the Democrats’ support for a strong federal role in education oversight. The need for there to be a bipartisan effort to pass the “high hurdle” of a 60-vote threshold needed to break a filibuster is unlikely, she said.

Mann said another reason there might not be a sufficient amount of momentum to abolish the Education Department is that federal authority in K-12 education was rolled back under the Every Student Succeeds Act, signed into law by Obama in 2015.

“So if Republicans’ goal is to increase state and local authority over K-12 education, that law has already moved the needle in that direction,” she said.

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Mann said rather than passing sweeping legislation to abolish the Education Department, it is more likely that Republicans will use the Congressional Review Act to repeal regulations related to the state accountability plan provision in ESSA and teacher preparation programs. The Congressional Review Act gives Congress the ability to block recently enacted rules by passing disapproval resolutions with a simple majority vote that are then signed by the president.

Even if Massie’s bill were to pass Congress, Trump might not have an appetite to sign it, despite pressure from Congress.

During the 2016 campaign, Trump pledged to make cuts at the Education Department, following in the footsteps of a 1980 Ronald Reagan campaign that sought to abolish the agency signed into law by President Jimmy Carter in 1979.

“We want to bring education local so we’re going to be cutting the Department of Education big league because we’re running our education from Washington D.C.,” Trump told Circa in August.

But now that Trump can decide the direction of the Education Department under Secretary Betsey DeVos, Mann says, Trump “doesn’t have a lot of incentives” to sign a piece of legislation like Massie’s.

Massie is a co-sponsor of another piece of legislation from a Republican colleague that would “terminate” the entire EPA, which has elicited the ire of Republicans in recent years under the Obama administration for committing what they view as executive overreach.

The text of the entire bill, from Matt Gaetz, a freshman Republican lawmaker from Florida, takes up only a one-page PDF. Its only section, “Termination of the Environmental Protection Agency,” shares no other details except for the date on which the EPA would be dismantled: Dec. 31, 2018.

The legislation has only three co-sponsors: Reps. Steven Palazzo, R-Miss., Barry Loudermilk, R-Ga. and Massie.

“The EPA has been doing some drastic things,” Gaetz told Northwest Florida Daily News earlier this month. “They have exceeded their original mission substantially under both Republican and Democratic presidents and violated the sovereignty of the states. I think we need to start fresh.”

President Trump’s pick to lead the EPA, former Oklahoma Attorney General Scott Pruitt was confirmed by the Senate and sworn in last week. Trump has given no indication that he supported a bill that would eliminate the EPA, but said during a rally Saturday that the EPA is in for changes.

“It’s going to be a big difference,” Trump said of the Pruitt-run EPA before taking aim at the Obama-era EPA. “They were clogging up the veins of our country with the environmental impact statements, and all of the rules and regulations.”

Pruitt, the former attorney general of Oklahoma, faced a contentious confirmation process in the Senate, with most Democrats faulting him for leading litigation efforts against some of the Obama EPA’s signature regulations, including the Clean Power Plan, the centerpiece of the Obama administration’s climate change agenda. He was also criticized for being a skeptic of climate change, doubting human activity as its primary cause.

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