Mexico has insisted it won’t pay for President-elect Trump’s promised border wall, but Mexicans living in the United States might.

Trump has been accused of breaking a key campaign promise by asking Congress to fund the wall through the appropriations process. He had vowed to build the “big, beautiful wall” along the U.S.-Mexican border at Mexico’s expense and is still suggesting funds appropriated by Congress for the wall will be reimbursed at a later date.

It became a call and response during Trump campaign rallies. Supporters would chant “Build the wall!” and the candidate would ask, “Who’s going to pay for it?” The crowd would roar back, “Mexico!”

The use of the congressional appropriations process for security fence construction doesn’t preclude some efforts to make Mexico pay. One idea that is still on the table is taxing remittances, the money immigrants in the United States send to their relatives back home, and using the money for the wall.

Taxing remittances might provide enough money to fund lower-end cost estimates for the wall, although it is difficult to know because the tax would likely reduce remittances or drive them underground, making it hard for the U.S. to use that money to fund a massive project some say will cost $38 billion. One Republican congressional aide described discussions as “ongoing” with no set details about tax rates or collection practices.

Remittances to Mexico saw their biggest gains in a decade after Trump was elected, and totaled just under $2.4 billion in November 2016. A Reuters analysis concluded this was a nearly 25 percent jump from a year earlier.

Major Mexican financial institution BBVA Bancomer forecast that Mexicans living in the United States sent a record $27 billion home last year, up $2 billion from 2015. That’s not all due to Trump. Exchange rates and U.S. job growth were also factors.

Nevertheless, some Mexican citizens living abroad and American citizens of Mexican ancestry are worried Trump will tax their remittances, or worse. During the Republican primaries, Trump proposed cutting off remittances as a means of forcing Mexico to finance his wall.

Trump said at the time he would permit the flow of cash to resume in exchange for “a one-time payment of $5-10 billion” from the Mexican government that would be used to pay for the wall. President Obama blasted the proposal.

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“This is just one more example of something that is not thought through and is primarily put forward for political consumption,” Obama said at the time. “The notion we’re going to track every Western Union bit of money that’s being sent to Mexico, good luck with that.”

Some of Trump’s allies on Capitol Hill still think the incoming president could use his negotiating prowess to extract funds from Mexico City.

“When you understand that Mexico’s economy is dependent upon on U.S. consumers, Donald Trump has all the cards he needs to play,” Rep. Chris Collins, R-N.Y., told CNN. “On the trade negotiations side, I don’t think it’s that difficult for Donald Trump to convince Mexico that it’s in their best interest to reimburse us for building the wall.”

Collins was the first congressman to endorse Trump for president during the GOP primaries. He now serves as the Trump transition team’s liaison to Congress.

Meanwhile, Trump insists Mexico will still pay. And he has bristled at the idea he is breaking his campaign promise, and took to his favorite social media platform to protest.

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“Dishonest media says Mexico won’t be paying for the wall if they pay a little later so the wall can be built more quickly,” the president-elect tweeted Sunday night. “Media is fake!”

“The dishonest media does not report that any money spent on building the Great Wall (for the sake of speed) will be paid back by Mexico later!” Trump tweeted last week.

Former Mexican President Vicente Fox has also been using Twitter to share his thoughts about the wall. “TRUMP, when will you understand that I am not paying for that fucken [sic] wall,” Fox tweeted (emphasis in the original). “Be clear with US tax payers (sic). They will pay for it.”

Fox also referred to the wall as a “racist monument” and has been tweeting (in English) links to articles (often in Spanish) suggesting the United States will be left behind by other countries if they pursue Trump’s immigration and trade policies.

The notion of Mexico paying for the border wall has long been derided by critics as one of Trump’s most outlandish campaign promises, even as they chide him for ostensibly breaking it. Some argue that both the wall and the Mexican funding are metaphors for getting control of immigration and reorienting it toward American workers’ interests.

It remains to be seen whether Trump supporters who want a literal wall paid for by Mexico will be satisfied by a remittance tax that comes after U.S. taxpayer funds are appropriated, if at all.

A Republican congressional aide worried that it would look like a “tax on the poor.” The financial services industry, immigrant lobbies and some civil rights groups would surely oppose any significant remittance tax. The Mexican government would also work against such a proposal, because remittances help their economy.

But Trump officials are still interested in the logistics of the wall and the people who send money to family members in Mexico are taking his promises seriously.

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