Washington is bracing for a year of breakneck change as President-elect Trump and a new Congress take office with a jam-packed agenda ahead.

“Look, I can tell you what I got out of Donald Trump today is, this is a man of action,” said House Speaker Paul Ryan after a post-election meeting. “He is ready to get working. He wants to get it done for the country.”

There is a lot to get done. With Trump succeeding President Obama, the entire Cabinet is likely to turn over. (There is a slim chance Trump will heed advice that he should retain Obama’s secretary of veterans affairs, but this seems improbable.) These positions all require Senate confirmation.

Republicans will control the Senate and Democrats changed the rules to get rid of the filibuster for executive branch appointments, so Trump will be able to get most of the appointees he wants. But the GOP majority is only 52-48, leaving little margin for error if there are defections, and Democrats can make the nomination process difficult in other ways.

Jeff Sessions, the Alabama Republican senator Trump nominated for attorney general, can expected to be grilled by his Democratic colleagues. They will target his positions on immigration, criminal justice reform, drugs, voting rights and also revive some of the racially charged controversies that kept him from being confirmed for a judgeship in 1986.

Rex Tillerson, the Exxon Mobile CEO Trump has tapped for secretary of state, could face some Republican opposition. Sens. John McCain, Lindsey Graham and Marco Rubio have all raised concerns about Tillerson’s ties to Russia, including an award he received from President Vladimir Putin. With the controversy over Russian hacking not far behind us, it’s possible some Democrats will mobilize against Tillerson too.

These are just two of the more predictable contentious confirmation hearings ahead. There is usually at least one controversy involving an important Cabinet nominee that no one sees coming. Janet Reno was Bill Clinton’s third choice for attorney general after his first two picks failed to pay payroll taxes for nannies they had employed.

Democrats may not be able to block many of Trump’s nominees, but they will resist most of the ones requiring Senate confirmation. This is because they believe many of them will gut their agencies from the inside. Oklahoma Attorney General Scott Pruitt, the nominee to run the Environmental Protection Agency, will be probed for his ties to the fossil fuels industry. All the billionaires in line for Cabinet positions will face tough questions about their wealth and any potential conflicts of interest.

All told, some 4,000 executive branch jobs will need to be filled by the new administration. While most of these don’t require Senate action, it will keep the Trump team — which contains many Washington outsiders who have never staffed a White House before — busy.

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The executive branch isn’t the only place with vacancies that will need to be filled. There is an open seat on the Supreme Court that has been vacant since the death of Justice Antonin Scalia. Senate Republicans succeeded in blocking Obama’s nominee to replace Scalia, Judge Merrick Garland. Trump will now get the opportunity to introduce his own nominee but Democrats will similarly stand in his way. Whether the Supreme Court is controlled by its liberal or conservative blocs hangs in the balance.

Trump is expected to inherit more than 100 vacancies throughout the federal judiciary, giving him a real chance to reshape the court system and nominate many conservative judges. Democrats can still filibuster judicial nominees, however. If Trump has difficulty getting his judges confirmed, it’s possible Senate Republicans will revisit the rules to “nuke” judicial filibusters too.

With Republicans running both ends of Pennsylvania Avenue, there will be a real push to repeal Obamacare. Although the Affordable Care Act is the outgoing president’s biggest domestic legislative achievement, the law remains unpopular and people who receive private insurance coverage from it are being walloped by rising premiums and thinner provider networks.

Congressional Republicans have voted dozens of times to repeal Obamacare entirely or in part, but now they will have a president who could sign a repeal and replacement into law. Trump’s nominee to head the Department of Health and Human Services, Georgia Rep. Tom Price, introduced one of the leading GOP Obamacare alternatives. But the party does remain divided on how to replace the law and the repeal of some parts of Obamacare could be stalled by Democrats in the Senate.

Another conservative agenda item Trump and congressional Republicans will want to act on is tax reform. They would especially like to lower the corporate income tax rate to make it more competitive with other countries in the global marketplace. Personal tax rates are also on the chopping block and the fate of the estate tax hangs in the balance.

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Trump won the presidency because he receiving strong support from working-class voters in Rust Belt states who are hurting as manufacturing employment declines in their area. Trump is going to have to try to create jobs for these workers.

Some of the things Trump will do to create jobs will garner strong Republican support, such as tax cuts. But he is much more hawkish on trade than congressional Republican leaders, threatening to slap tariffs on many imports, and may also use immigration policy to achieve a tighter labor market in the United States.

Trump has also called for an infrastructure plan that could cost up to $1 trillion. Depending on its final price tag and structure, he could face some Republican opposition. Nevertheless, it will be easier for Trump to create construction jobs for some of his voters than to bring back manufacturing. Trump also has more experience in construction. So he is likely to fight for his infrastructure plan even if some Republicans don’t like it.

The same is also true of one-off deals with employers like Carrier and Sprint to prevent the offshoring of American jobs. Not everyone in Congress agrees philosophically with the idea that the president should be involved in these kinds of negotiations. But you can expect them to remain a major Trump priority.

One area where Trump can potentially accomplish a lot without much congressional interference is foreign policy. Trump promised an “America First” foreign policy where the United States is less likely to behave as the “policeman of the world,” avoiding regime change in the Middle East and staying out of the civil war in Syria. Trump called the Iraq war, waged by the previous Republican president, a “disaster” and “big, fat mistake.”

At the same time, Trump has pledged to destroy the Islamic State and rebuild the country’s military strength, even if he is also going to more carefully scrutinize some defense contracts. Some of Trump’s nominees for key national security positions, like defense secretary pick James Mattis, have held more conventional Republican foreign-policy stances.

Trump has suggested he will repair the damage he believes Obama has done to the U.S. relationship with Israel. He may move the American embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. He has suggested his son-in-law Jared Kushner will play a role in fostering peace between the Israelis and the Palestinians. Trump may also seek to improve relations with Putin’s Russia, although some Senate Republicans oppose this initiative.

Obama’s executive orders on immigration and Arctic drilling could be reversed early in the Trump administration. Obama will spend the part of 2017 that he remains in office erecting roadblocks to protect his policies from his successor, creating even more work for Trump to do.

“Happy New Year to all, including to my many enemies and those who have fought me and lost so badly they just don’t know what to do!” Trump tweeted to close out the year.

There will be a lot to do in 2017.

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