Republicans in both states hold majorities in their respective congressional delegations. (AP Photo/Gary Robertson)

The Supreme Court will hear two new cases on Monday involving whether race played an outsized role in drawing Congressional districts in two states at the expense of African-Americans.

The Court will hear challenges from black voters in Virginia and North Carolina regarding congressional maps. They argue that Republicans grouped together more black Democratic voters than normal to create more reliable Democratic districts while making other districts in the area more white and reliable for Republicans.

The challengers were victorious in lower court, forcing the state of North Carolina to appeal to the Supreme Court. The state argues that they were not drawn due to race, but rather because of partisan politics.

This is just the latest challenge about redistricting efforts in these state, particularly in Virginia, which has been scrutinized endlessly. The court rejected a constitutional challenge and upheld the state’s 12 congressional districts despite lawmaker’s efforts to make sure that African-Americans constituted 55 percent of the voting-age population in the state.

North Carolina’s redistricting efforts have also been under siege in recent years. A federal court recently ruled that some state house and senate districts were gerrymandered and has ordered the state to hold a cadre of special elections next year for those seats.

Republicans in both states hold majorities in their respective congressional delegations. Ten of North Carolina’s 13 seats sit in Republican control, while eight of 11 in Virginia are held by Republicans. Republicans also hold majorities in the state houses in the two key states.

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